Some definitions which may help in
understanding the above:
empiricism: The doctrine which
denies or doubts the validity of all
intellectual knowledge and admits only the
certainty of sense-knowledge.
rationalism: The doctrine which
denies or doubts the validity of
sense-knowledge and admits only the
certainty of intellectual knowledge.
Idealism: The doctrine that nothing
exists except ideas or minds; material
reality is an illusion. The mind is the
sole existing thing.
Materialism: The doctrine that
nothing exists except matter in motion
(material reality). The mind is just a
The doctrine (or attitude) which places
all knowledge and truth in a direct
relation to life and action. Truth is that
which satisfies human needs and interests
in a social way.
A doctrine that is a form of naturalism
which denies the legitimacy of
philosophical problems and methods and
claims that science is the only knowledge
which is exact and ultimate.
The doctrine that nothing exists
except that which can be measured by the
instruments of science. Reality = the
The dogma that all human problems are
political in nature and the solution must
be a political one. Public polls determine
truth and morality.
The doctrine that human beings do not
possess free will; all behavior is
determined. There is no "personal"
responsibility for behavior.
Subjectivism: The doctrine that
objective truth is impossible; truth is
Relativism: The doctrine that
objective moral principles don't exist;
moral principles are always relative.
There is nothing basically moral or
Collectivism: The doctrine that
human individuals live only for the
benefit of the state or society, from
which all rights are derived.